Reading Developmental Strategies

Emergent Reader 

  • knows that the text goes from left to right
  • can distinguish between lower case and upper case letters
  • can blend phonemes (letter sounds)
  • uses pictures for clues
  • retells a simple story which is read to them
  • recalls some details
  • knows names of letters
  • identifies consonant sounds at beginning and end of words
  • understands the difference between letters and words
  • notices and read environmental print
  • reads one word at a time - choppy  
  • selects simple repetitious books
  • reads favorite books over and over
  • silent sustained reading 5 - 10 minutes
  • has the desire to be a fluent reader
  • enjoys retelling stories
  • makes predictions and tells why

Early Reader

  • retells events in story
  • tells main idea 
  • makes predictions
  • identifies main characters 
  • identifies setting
  • differentiates between fact and fiction
  • identifies high frequency words
  • some awareness of medial vowel sounds   
  • uses context clues
  • begins to self correct
  • understands the meaning of . ? !
  • pauses and uses appropriate inflection for punctuation
  • reads phrases
  • selects a variety of books
  • silent sustained reading 10 - 15 minutes
  • begins to feel confident when reading silently or orally

Fluent Reader

  • recognizes plot of story
  • recognizes problem and solution in a story
  • evaluates character’s actions or behaviors
  • uses a variety of clues to decode unfamiliar words
  • identifies blends, digraphs, diphthongs
  • applies vowel rules to sound out words 
  • understands prefixes and suffixes
  • uses punctuations correctly
  • reads with expression
  • reads smoothly
  • selects a wide variety of books 
  • may select chapter books
  • silent sustained reading at least 20 minutes  
  • confident
  • enjoys sharing favorite books
  • enjoys challenges 
  • selects reading during free time
  • summarizes main events of a story